Laparoscopic surgery, also referred to as minimally invasive surgery, describes the performance of surgical procedures with the assistance of a video camera and several thin instruments. During the surgical procedure, small incisions are made and plastic tubes called ports are placed through these incisions. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient. The surgeon can view abdominal or pelvic organs to look for any abnormal conditions, take tissue samples, or perform a surgical repair.
Ordinarily, laparoscopic surgery allows a patient to experience a faster recovery and return to normal activities in a shorter amount of time. There is often less post-operative discomfort due to the smaller incisions, a decreased risk of infection, smaller scars, and shorter hospital stays than with standard open surgery.